Kampuchea_Veyakar_pdf

Usage of Diacritical Mark (ៈ)

August 12, 2014
Have you ever wonder when to use or not to use the diacritical mark (ៈ)? According to the book «កម្ពុជវេយ្យាករណ៍» authored by ខៀវ ជុំ in page 42-43 he said, ចំពោះ​ពាក្យ​បាលី​នឹង​សំស្ក្រឹត ដែល​មិន​មាន​ពាក្យ​ដទៃ​ភ្ជាប់​ខាង​ចុង គឺ​ពាក្យ​ដាច់​ពី​គ្នា​មួយ​បទៗ ត្រូវ​ប្រើ​យុគលពិន្ទុ ដូច «ថេរៈ គណៈ មរណៈ ព្យព្ជានៈ អវយវៈ» ពាក្យ​បាលីសំស្ក្រឹត​ដែល​នៅ​ខាង​ដើម​ព្យាង្គ​ក្នុង​បទ​មួយៗ ដូច «គណៈ មរណៈ» តួ «គ» នឹង «ម, រ» មិន​ត្រូវ​ប្រើ​យុគលពិន្ទុ​ទេ។ល។ តែ​បើ​មាន​ពាក្យ​ជាប់​គ្នា​ច្រើន​បទ​ដែល​ហៅ​ថា​បទសមាស* ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​ព្យាង្គ​ដែល​ប្រើ​យុគលពិន្ទុ​នោះ មិន​មែន​ជា​ព្យាង្គ​ចុង មិន​ត្រូវ​ប្រើ​យុគលពិន្ទុ​ទេ​ដូច «ថេរសមាគម គណបតិ មរណភា» ជា​ដើម។ ត្រង់​នេះ​ត្រូវ​សង្កេត​ឲ្យ​ដឹង​ថា ពាក្យ​ណា​ជា​បទសមាស ពាក្យ​ណា​មិន​មែន​ជា​បទសមាស ដោយ​ល្អិតល្អន់​ដូច «គណបតិ» ពាក្យ​នេះ​ជា​មាស តែ​គណៈ​សង្ឃ​មិន​មែន​ជា​ពាក្យ​សមាស គឺ «គណ» ពាក្យ​មួយ «សង្ឃ» ពាក្យ​មួយ។  In page 64, he further wrote:តែ​បើ​មាន​ពាក្យ​មិនមែន​ជា​បទសមាស ជា​ពាក្យ​ដែល​មាន​ព្យាង្គ​ដោយ​ឡែក​ពី​គ្នា ត្រូវ​ចុច​កណ្ដាល ដូចជា គណៈមហានិកាយ គណៈធម្មយុត្តិ គណៈរដ្ឋមន្ត្រី ។ល។ *សមាស ( ន. ) [សៈម៉ាស ] ( សំ., បា. ) ការ​បង្រួម​ចូល; ការ​បំប្រួញ​ឲ្យ​ខ្លី, ឲ្យ​តិច​ចុះ, ឲ្យ​សង្ខេប ។ ព. វ. សព្ទ​តន្តិ​ភាសា​យ៉ាង​ដូច​បាលី​និង​សំស្ក្រឹត​ដែល​បំប្រួញ​បទ​តាំង​ពី​ពីរ​ឡើង​ទៅ​ឲ្យ​ជាប់​គ្នា​តែ​មួយ, ដូច​ជា : សមាន +...
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